Taking an environmentally sensitive approach to pest management


Integrated Pest & Crop Management



AUTHOR

Manjula Nathan
University of Missouri
Division of Plant Sciences
(573) 882-3250
nathanm@missouri.edu

Manure Testing for Proper Nutrient Management

Manjula Nathan
University of Missouri
(573) 882-3250
nathanm@missouri.edu

Published: April 1, 2010

Manure is a valuable source of nutrient for crops and improved soil productivity. Manure testing is necessary to make optimum use of manure nutrients while minimizing environmental impact of over application. Book values are of little use due to rapidly changing diets and the impact of farmer management on the nutrient content of manure. The EPA revised Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) rule (affecting permitted operations) and the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) Agronomy Standard (590) require annual testing of manure storages as part of the nutrient management planning process.

The MU Soil and Plant Testing Lab began offering manure testing services in 2008 to meet the increasing need for this service by our clients. The lab uses the recommended tests for manure analysis and reports results on as is basis. The lab also participates in the manure analysis certification program to ensure quality of results.

It is interesting to note the high degree of variation found in the samples received by the lab. Table 1 presents the manure nutrient analysis summary for the samples tested by MU soil and plant testing lab. Even though the standard book values for average nutrient contents are available, they are not of much value due to the variation that exists between manure storage and handling systems. This summary shows the variation found between different sources and manure handling systems (Table 1). The wide variability observed among samples received emphasizes the need for testing each source of manure so that the growers can have a better estimate of nutrients applied to the field and adjust the supplemental application of inorganic fertilizers accordingly. To get an estimate of plant available nitrogen and recommended application rate based on manure test results, method of application and target nitrogen rate, visit Dr. John Lory's Resources for Nutrient Management Planners website at: http://nmplanner.missouri.edu/tools/pan_calculator.asp.

Table 1. Manure Nutrient Analysis Summary for Samples Received by MU Soil and Plant Testing Lab
Source   N
%
Wet Wt basis
P
%
Wet Wt basis
K
%
Wet Wt basis
NH4
ppm
Wet wt basis
pH EC DM
%
Moisture
%
Poultry MAX
MIN
Mean

Range
Number
4.54
0.29
2.474

0.29-4.54
124
3.94
0.09
1.198

0.09-3.94
124
5.19
0.27
1.840

0.27-5.19
124
16117.0
733.0
6394

733-16117
52
8.7
5.0
7.40

5.0-8.7
54
25.0
4.7
15.44
4.67-
24.99
48
98.3
31.7
63.5

31.7-98.3
124
68.3
1.7
36.5

1.7-68.3
124
Dairy
concrete
pit
MAX
MIN
Mean
Range
Number
2.25
0.09
0.572
0.09-2.25
16
1.84
0.01
0.235
0.01-1.84
16
0.74
0.05
0.322
0.05-0.74
16
4713.00
244
1052
244-4713
14
8.08
6.71
7.58
6.7-8.1
9
27.80
2.86
8.07
2.9-27.8
8
53.30
0.8
22.1
0.8-53.3
15
99.23
46.7
77.9
47 -99
15
Beef
stacked
pile
MAX
MIN
Mean
Range
Number
1.76
0.34
0.77
0.34-1.76
30
0.50
0.10
0.21
0.01-0.50
30
3.48
0.10
0.59
0.1 -3.5
30
950
3
351
2.7-950
13
9.12
5.17
7.56
5.2-9.1
12
5.49
1.05
2.62
1.1 -5.5
10
84.7
18.7
48.1
18.7-84.7
30
81.3
15.3
51.9
15.3-81.3
30
Dairy/Beef
lagoon
MAX
MIN
Mean
Range
Number
0.11
0.00
0.021
0.00-0.11
8
0.02
0.00
0.005
0.00-0.02
8
0.22
0.01
0.054
0.01-0.22
8
557
0.19
120
0.19-557
8
9.2
7.2
8.3
7.2-9.2
7
14.2
1.2
3.9
1.2-14.2
7
0.92
0.10
0.28
0.1 -0.92
8
99.9
99.1
99.72
99.1-99.9
8
Swine
Concrete
Pit
MAX
MIN
Mean
Range
Number
2.66
0.06
0.583
0.06-2.66
17
1.40
0.01
0.201
0.01-1.40
17
2.41
0.06
0.404
0.06-2.41
17
4684
705
2860
705-4684
13
7.8
7.4
7.57
7.4-7.8
7
24.3
7.89
16.34
7.9-24.3
7
70.7
0.4
9.5
0.4-70.7
17
99.6
29.3
90.5
29.3-99.6
17
Swine lagoon MAX
MIN
Mean
Range
Number
0.76
0.00
0.171
0.00-0.76
20
0.74
0.00
0.091
0.00-0.74
20
0.33
0.00
0.122
0.00-0.33
20
2778
6
555
6 to 2778
13
7.93
7.2
7.6
7.2
8
24.3
0.5
6.0
0.5
8
13.6
0.0
2.7
0.0
20
100.0
86.4
97.3
86.4
20
Horse MAX
MIN
Mean
Range
Number
0.76
0.19
0.36
0.19-0.76
9.0
0.23
0.05
0.11
0.05-0.23
9.0
0.82
0.19
0.41
0.19-0.82
9.0
2275
495
1282
495-2275
5.0
8.7
7.1
8.2
7.1-8.7
4.0
2.5
2.1
2.3
2.1-2.5
4.0
79.4
21.5
45.3
21.5-79.4
9.0
78.5
20.7
54.7
20.7-78.5
9.0

Submitting Samples to the Lab

Obtaining a representative manure sample from each storage area is critical to getting accurate test results. The basic guideline is to collect multiple samples, mix them together and make a composite sample.

Taking a representative sample: Obtain samples from at least 10 different places and/or depths to make the composite sample. In the case of poultry litter, sample to the bottom of the litter. If possible, agitate the liquids before collecting the sample.

Submitting dry samples: Submit one quart of dry manure in a Ziploc bag, squeeze excess air from the bag and seal it. Complete the manure testing sample information form and make sure to write your sample number or ID on the bag and mail it to the lab.

Submitting wet samples: Submit one pint of liquid manure in a plastic container. Do not fill the container. Make sure to leave at least one third free space and tighten the cap securely. Complete the manure testing sample information form and write your sample number or ID on the container with permanent ink and mail it to the lab.

Each sample submitted to the lab should be accompanied by a Sample Information Form and a check for the amount due payable to MU Soil Testing. When submitting a sample the Sample Information Form should be filled out accurately and completely. A Complete Manure Analysis Test package includes total nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, ammonium nitrogen, pH and salt content (EC), and percent moisture costs $40 per sample. A Basic Manure Analysis Test package includes Total nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium and percent moisture costs $22 per sample. The turn around for manure analysis is 3 to 5 working days. Additional Information on submitting samples to the lab, sample information forms and fees can be obtained by visiting the lab's website at: http://soilplantlab.missouri.edu/soil/

For additional information refer MU Guides:
EQ 215 Laboratory analysis of manure
G 9340, Sampling poultry litter for nutrient testing
G 9186: Calculating plant available mitrogen and residual nitrogen fertilizer value in manure.

   About IPM     Contact Us    Subscribe     Unsubcribe

Copyright © 2018 — Curators of the University of Missouri. All rights reserved. DMCA and other copyright information. An equal opportunity/access/affirmative action/pro-disabled and veteran employer.

Printed from: https://ipm.missouri.edu
E-mail: IPM@missouri.edu

REVISED: January 4, 2017