Taking an environmentally sensitive approach to pest management


Integrated Pest & Crop Management



AUTHOR

Mandy D. Bish
University of Missouri
Division of Plant Sciences
(573) 882-9878
bishm@missouri.edu

Kevin Bradley
University of Missouri
Division of Plant Sciences
(573) 882-4039
bradleyke@missouri.edu

Watch for burcucumber and toothed spurge in 2015 crops

Mandy D. Bish
University of Missouri
(573) 882-9878
bishm@missouri.edu

Kevin Bradley
University of Missouri
(573) 882-4039
bradleyke@missouri.edu

Published: January 21, 2015

Burcucumber could reduce soybean yield as much as 48 percent, said University of Missouri Extension weed scientist Kevin Bradley at the recent MU Extension Crop Management Conference.

Figure 1: Burcucumber is a vining weed (A), which is becoming more common in Missouri. The leaves are hairy and have 3 to 5 pointed lobes (B). The vine uses tendrils to climb plants and fences for support (C). The cotyledons are thick and oblong (D).

The summer annual weed resembles the cultivated cucumber. It has tendrils for climbing and sticky hairs. The climbing weed is difficult to control in soybean; it can germinate into the later months of the growing season after herbicide applications have been applied.  Burcucumber appears most in low-lying areas and near creeks and rivers (Figure 1).

Bradley said its weighty vines also can lodge corn. Pre-emergence applications of atrazine or atrazine-containing pre-mixes will provide early-season control, but a post-emergence herbicide application usually is necessary.
Find a more thorough description of burcucumber and control recommendations at: https://ipm.missouri.edu/IPCM/2014/9/Burcucumber-An-Agronomic-Pest-on-the-Increase/

The toothed spurge (Figure 2), another summer annual, is appearing in northwestern Missouri, Bradley said. It is often incorrectly referred to as a wild poinsettia, and is found in pastures and along roadsides.  Recently toothed spurge has become more common in soybean fields.

Figure 2: Toothed spurge is becoming more common in Missouri fields. (A) A toothed spurge plant emerges in a field. (B) Toothed spurge can be found in pastures and roadsides as well. (C) The leaves of toothed spurge resemble wild poinsettia.

The plant can grow up to 2 feet tall and has light green to reddish green stems with short hairs. The leaves are elliptical or ovate, have toothed margins, and are usually bunched near the upper portion of the plant.  The leaves and stems emit a white milky sap when broken. The sap produces blisters and dermatitis in humans, cattle and horses and causes blindness if it comes in contact with the eye.

Toothed spurge is tolerant to normal use rates of glyphosate, and little information is presently available on the control of toothed spurge in corn and soybean production systems. Pre-emergent application of atrazine and isoxaflutole seem to provide good control in corn and flumioxazin in soybean.

Find more information on toothed spurge and POST herbicide control options at: https://ipm.missouri.edu/IPCM/2014/7/Weed-of-the-Month-Toothed-Spurge/

The MU Extension’s WEED ID guide can be found on the Web site:
http://weedid.missouri.edu/ And is available as a free app, called ID Weeds, for Apple and Android mobile devices.

   About IPM     Contact Us    Subscribe     Unsubcribe

Copyright © 2018 — Curators of the University of Missouri. All rights reserved. DMCA and other copyright information. An equal opportunity/access/affirmative action/pro-disabled and veteran employer.

Printed from: https://ipm.missouri.edu
E-mail: IPM@missouri.edu

REVISED: September 30, 2015