American elm is a fast-growing deciduous tree that is native to the eastern portion of North America. It grows on bottom lands or wherever fertile and moist soil is found. The American elm can live for several hundred years and grow over 100 feet. Its arching branches and colorful fall foliage make it a popular shade tree. The American elm is a symbol of endurance as it was nearly wiped out by an imported elm disease in the early 1900s, but is now making a comeback due to disease-resistant varieties.